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TableĀ 1 Health benefits of regular physical activity

From: Best practices for physical activity programs and behavior counseling in older adult populations

Health issue Benefits of physical activity
Cardiovascular health Improves myocardial performance
Increases peak diastolic filling
Increases heart muscle contractility
Reduces premature ventricular contractions
Improves blood lipid profile
Increases aerobic capacity
Reduces systolic blood pressure
Improves diastolic blood pressure
Improves endurance
Improves muscle capillary blood flow
Body composition Decreases abdominal adipose tissue
Increases muscle mass
Metabolism Increases total energy expenditure
Improves protein synthesis rate and amino acid uptake into the skeletal muscle
Reduces low-density lipoproteins
Reduces cholesterol/very low-density lipoproteins
Reduces triglycerides
Increases high-density lipoproteins
Increases glucose tolerance
Bone health Slows decline in bone mineral density
Increases total body calcium, nitrogen
Psychological well-being Improves perceived well-being and happiness
Decreases levels of stress-related hormones
Improves attention span
Improves cognitive processing speed
Increases slow wave and rapid eye movement sleep
Muscle weakness and functional capacity Reduces risk of musculoskeletal disability
Improves strength and flexibility
Reduces risk of falls
Improves dynamic balance
Improves physical functional performance
  1. For more details, refer to Singh [27]