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Table 1 Identification of references for pathologies of ageing that may cause falls

From: Physical consequences of falls in the elderly: a literature review from 1995 to 2010

  N (%)a References
Neurological diseases
 Stroke 13.7 [13, 21, 33, 40, 44, 45, 53, 57, 63, 75, 81, 86]
 Dementia 10.3 [17, 21, 33, 40, 45, 53, 60, 63, 86]
 Vestibular disorders/balance 10.3 [22, 33, 40, 53, 54, 63, 64, 68, 87]
 Parkinson 9.1 [6, 33, 40, 45, 53, 63, 64, 69]
 Multiple sclerosis 1.1 [62]
Musculoskeletal diseases
 Osteoporosis 16.0 [4, 5, 14, 17, 24, 25, 30, 37, 40, 43, 56, 62, 63, 71]
 Loss of muscle density 9.1 [14, 23, 25, 33, 40, 63, 81, 83]
 Arthritis 6.8 [21, 45, 53, 63, 64, 86]
 Problems in the lower extremities 3.4 [33, 45, 53]
 Deformities in the joints 2.2 [33, 53]
Cardiovascular diseases
 Orthostatic hypotension 6.8 [33, 40, 53, 56, 63, 86]
 Arrhythmias 3.4 [22, 45, 53]
 Syncope 3.4 [53, 57, 58]
 Others 8.0 [9, 13, 22, 33, 45, 53, 64]
Other pathologies
 Diabetes 4.5 [21, 53, 63, 86]
 Depression 4.5 [53, 63, 64, 86]
 Pneumonia and bone infections 2.2 [14, 53]
 Sleep disorders 1.1 [53]
  1. aThe percentages refers to a total of 87 publications