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Table 1 Participants’ characteristics at baseline presented as Mean ± Standard Deviation (SD) or number (percentage)

From: ICT-based system to predict and prevent falls (iStoppFalls): results from an international multicenter randomized controlled trial

Characteristic Overall (n = 153) Intervention group (n = 78) Control group (n = 75)
Age, years 74.7 ± 6.3 74.7 ± 6.7 74.7 ± 6.0
Female, n (%) 93 (61.2 %) 43 (55.8 %) 50 (66.7 %)
Body mass index, kg/m2 26.3 ± 3.8 26.1 ± 3.8 26.5 ± 3.9
Education, years 11 ± 5 12 ± 5 11 ± 4
Medication use (n) 3.3 ± 2.8 3.5 ± 3.1 3.1 ± 2.5
One or more falls in the previous year, n (%) 51 (34 %) 25 (32.5 %) 26 (35.6 %)
Comorbidities, number 3.0 ± 1.4 2.9 ± 1.3 3.1 ± 1.5
Heart problems, n (%) 21 (14.1 %) 12 (15.6 %) 9 (12.5 %)
High blood pressure, n (%) 78 (53.1 %) 35 (46.1 %) 43 (60.6 %)
Osteoporosis, n (%) 35 (23.3 %) 18 (23.4 %) 17 (23.3 %)
Lower back pain, n (%) 61 (40.9 %) 33 (43.4 %) 28 (38.4 %)
Hip pain, n (%) 33 (22.4 %) 16 (21.1 %) 17 (23.9 %)
Knee and/or leg pain, n (%) 62 (41.6 %) 29 (37.7 %) 33 (45.8 %)
Foot pain, n (%) 36 (24.0 %) 18 (23.4 %) 18 (24.7 %)
PAQ-50+, hours 41.62 ± 21.20 40.55 ± 23.62 42.80 ± 18.70
IPEQ, hours 26.45 ± 18.55 29.56 ± 16.91 23.13 ± 19.80
WHODAS, score 15.79 ± 4.31 16.00 ± 4.52 15.57 ± 4.10
Computer ownership, n 111 (72.6 %) 58 (74.4 %) 53 (70.7 %)
  1. IPEQ Incidental and Planned Activity Questionnaire, PAQ-50+ Physical Activity Questionnaire for the population aged 50 years and older, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, WHODAS World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule