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Table 1 Description in mean (SD) of the whole population and the two subgroups recruited for the hip abduction and hip adduction strength test

From: Evaluation of hip abductor and adductor strength in the elderly: a reliability study

Study Population All (N = 76) Non-fallers (N = 38) Fallers (N = 38)
Sex: F/M 41/35 22/16 19/19
Age (years) 80.46 (7.05) 78.47 (6.64) 82.45 (6.98)
Weight (kg) 67.58 (12.58) 69.25 (10.68) 65.92 (14.18)
BMI 24.89 (3.95) 25.00 (3.04) 24.78 (4.73)
SPPBa 8.45 (3.07) 10.45 (2.37) 6.41 (2.27)
Subgroup for abduction test Non-fallers (N = 19) Fallers (N = 19) P-value
Sex: F/M 11/8 9/10  
Age (years) 79.84 (7.08) 81.37 (7.67) 0.528
Weight (kg) 68.15 (12.01) 66.17 (15.15) 0.658
BMI 24.71 (3.39) 23.84 (4.40) 0.500
SPPB 10.00 (2.54) 6.37 (2.03) <0.001
ABD MVIS (N/kg) 1.23 (0.49) 0.77 (0.37) <0.01
ABD RFG (N/kg/s) 7.65 (5.27) 3.498 (2.51) <0.01
Subgroup for abdduction test Non-Fallers (N = 19) Fallers (N = 19) P-value
Sex: F/M 11/8 10/9  
Age (years) 77.11 (6.04) 83.53 (6.23) <0.01
Weight (kg) 70.35 (9.36) 65.66 (13.55) 0.222
BMI 25.28 (2.72) 25.72 (4.99) 0.743
SPPBa 10.89 (2.16) 6.44 (2.55) <0.001
ADD MVIS (N/kg) 1.40 (0.43) 0.93 (0.51) <0.01
ADD RFG (N/kg/s) 5.61 (2.99) 2.80 (2.46) <0.01
  1. Abd Abduction, Add Adduction, MVIS Maximum Voluntary Isometric Strength, RFG Rate of Force Generation, N Newton, kg Kilogram, s Seconds, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery
  2. aOne faller of the adduction group didn’t realize this test