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Table 3 Intervention and control characteristics of exercise on cognition in individuals with T2D or IGT

From: Exercise or physical activity and cognitive function in adults with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance or impaired glucose tolerance: a systematic review

Citation Intervention modality Intensity Volume
(minutes)
Frequency
(days/week)
Duration
(weeks)
Control condition
Watson
et al.
2006 [35]
Aerobic exercise plus Diet control
Supervised
50% of HRR over
12 weeks increasing to 70% of HRR from 13 to 26 weeks
60 3 52 Stretching
plus diet
Baker
et al.
2010 [38]
Aerobic exercise,
treadmill
Supervised
Workload gradually
increased to 75–85% of HRR over 1–6 weeks
45–60 4 26 Stretching or balance
Yanagawa
et al.
2011 [39]
Aerobic exercise
(JOBA)
Supervised
55–69% heart rate reserve, or 40–59% of VO2peak 45 4 12 Usual level of activity
Lehtisalo
et al.
2016 [40]
Brisk walking, skiing,
jogging, swimming,
bicycling, gymnastics,
resistance training, and
ball games
Supervised
Moderate-vigorous 30 7 156 No any exercise
health advice
  1. JOBA horseback riding simulation equipment, VO 2peak peak oxygen uptake, HRR heart rate reserve, T2D type 2 diabetes, IGT impaired glucose tolerance
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