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Table 8 Relationship between changes in cognition and glucose homeostasis

From: Exercise or physical activity and cognitive function in adults with type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance or impaired glucose tolerance: a systematic review

Citation Cognition Glucose level measurement Time since last exercise bout Relationship r P value Comments
Yanagawa et al. 2011 [39] Delayed memory
Executive function
HbA1c (%)
(glycosylated hemoglobin)
Fasting glucose level (mg/dl)
12 weeks
12 weeks
Change in word recall and change in HbA1c
Change in word recall and change in metabolic clearance rate
−0.627
0.611
0.029
0.035
Horseback riding simulation equipment (JOBA)
exercise group
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