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Table 1 Echo intensity, subcutaneous fat thickness and muscle thickness for the walking training group (W-group) and walking and resistance training group (WR-group) in before and after the 10-week training

From: Effects of 10-week walking and walking with home-based resistance training on muscle quality, muscle size, and physical functional tests in healthy older individuals

  W-group WR-group
Before After % Change Before After % Change
Echo intensity (a.u.)
 Rectus femoris 76.10 ± 9.28 67.23 ± 7.97* −11.17 ± 8.75 67.98 ± 8.79 57.96 ± 9.96*† −14.69 ± 9.93
 Vastus lateralis 63.71 ± 7.53 56.18 ± 8.04* −11.60 ± 9.63 60.07 ± 12.54 44.29 ± 11.17*† −25.74 ± 14.52
 Quadriceps femoris 69.90 ± 7.43 61.71 ± 7.04* −11.50 ± 7.26 64.02 ± 9.53 51.12 ± 9.95*† −20.22 ± 9.52
Subcutaneous fat thickness (cm)
 Anterior 0.81 ± 0.22 0.82 ± 0.25 1.49 ± 12.39 0.74 ± 0.28 0.73 ± 0.25 0.91 ± 16.13
 Lateral 0.61 ± 0.21 0.63 ± 0.24 4.10 ± 21.36 0.62 ± 0.28 0.52 ± 0.21* −13.04 ± 19.56
 Quadriceps femoris 0.71 ± 0.21 0.72 ± 0.23 2.14 ± 12.17 0.68 ± 0.27 0.62 ± 0.23* −6.47 ± 12.43
Muscle thickness (cm)
 Rsctus femoris 1.43 ± 0.31 1.31 ± 0.27* − 7.18 ± 12.25 1.38 ± 0.36 1.46 ± 0.36* 7.97 ± 18.50
 Vastus intermedius - anterior 1.39 ± 0.42 1.24 ± 0.38 −10.20 ± 13.41 1.45 ± 0.47 1.46 ± 0.46 4.60 ± 25.68
 Vastus lateralis 1.63 ± 0.33 1.57 ± 0.32 −2.72 ± 17.68 1.66 ± 0.38 1.72 ± 0.41 6.56 ± 25.33
 Vastus intermedius - lateral 1.14 ± 0.37 1.02 ± 0.36* −10.09 ± 21.97 1.48 ± 0.40 1.19 ± 0.30*† −14.34 ± 33.19
 Quadriceps femoris 1.40 ± 0.25 1.29 ± 0.24 −7.83 ± 7.70 1.49 ± 0.33 1.46 ± 0.32 − 0.63 ± 16.42
  1. Values were shown as mean ± SD
  2. * P < 0.05 vs. Before. P < 0.05 vs. W-Group