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Table 5 Types of chronic diseases experienced by athletes, chess players, moderately activity and inactive older adults

From: Masters or pawns? Examining injury and chronic disease in male Masters Athletes and chess players compared to population norms from the Canadian Community Health Survey

  Masters Athletes Chess players Moderately active Inactive
Asthma 2 (2.9%) 1 (2%) 4 (6.3%) 3 (4.8%)
Arthritis 4 (5.8%) 3 (6%) 19 (29.7%) 14 (22.6%)
Back problems 1 (1.4%) 4 (8%) 17 (26.6%) 16 (25.8%)
High-blood pressure 3 (4.3%) 5 (10%) 18 (28.1%) 17 (27.4%)
Migraine headaches 0 0 3 (4.7%) 5 (8.1%)
Chronic bronchitis 0 0 0 1 (1.6%)
Emphysema 0 0 0 2 (3.2%)
COPD 0 0 1 (1.6%) 3 (4.8%)
Diabetes 0 4 (8%) 7 (10.9%) 7 (11.3%)
Heart disease 1 (1.4%) 2 (4%) 3 (4.7%) 6 (9.7%)
Cancer 2 (2.9%) 0 1 (1.6%) 1 (1.6%)
Stomach or intestinal ulcers 0 0 2 (3.1%) 2 (3.2%)
Stroke 0 0 2 (3.1%) 1 (1.6%)
Urinary incontinence 0 2 (4%) 4 (6.3%) 1 (1.6%)
Bowel disorder 1 (1.4%) 3 (6%) 4 (6.3%) 2 (3.2%)
Total (N = 109) 11 15 43 40
  1. Some participants reported prevalence of more than one type of chronic disease
  2. COPD Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease