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Table 4 Odds Ratios (ORs) of participating in sport and exercise or not and being active or not at 20-year follow up according to type of sport and exercise type participation at baseline, n = 3384 and 3318 men

From: Tracking of sport and exercise types from midlife to old age: a 20-year cohort study of British men

Sport/exercise type Participating in sport/exercise at 20-year follow up (n = 3384) Physically active at 20-year follow up (n = 3318)
Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4a Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4b
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Golf 6.3 (4.9, 8.0) 6.1 (4.8, 7.8) 6.6 (5.1, 8.5) 3.4 (2.6, 4.5) 4.2 (3.0, 5.7) 4.1 (3.0, 5.6) 4.2 (3.0, 5.7) 2.1 (1.5, 2.9)
Bowling 5.9 (3.4, 10.1) 6.1 (3.5, 10.6) 7.7 (4.4, 13.5) 3.0 (1.7, 5.3) 2.3 (1.3, 4.1) 2.3 (1.3, 4.1) 2.5 (1.4, 4.6) 1.0 (0.5, 1.8)
Dancing 3.1 (1.6, 5.7) 3.4 (1.8, 6.4) 4.3 (2.3, 8.2) 1.6 (0.9, 3.2) 2.2 (1.0, 4.6) 2.3 (1.0, 4.8) 2.6 (1.2, 5.5) 1.1 (0.5, 2.3)
Racquet sports 3.7 (2.9, 4.8) 3.4 (2.6, 4.3) 3.0 (2.3, 4.0) 1.6 (1.2, 2.2) 3.0 (2.2, 4.1) 2.7 (2.0, 3.8) 2.3 (1.6, 3.2) 1.2 (0.9, 1.7)
Swimming 2.0 (1.5, 2.6) 1.8 (1.4, 2.4) 1.6 (1.2, 2.1) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1) 2.6 (1.8, 3.7) 2.5 (1.7, 3.5) 2.1 (1.5, 3.0) 1.1 (0.8, 1.6)
Cycling (any purpose) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 1.2 (0.9, 1.5) 1.3 (1.0, 1.8) 0.6 (0.5, 0.8) 1.6 (1.2, 2.1) 1.5 (1.1, 2.1) 1.6 (1.2, 2.2) 0.8 (0.6, 1.1)
Surface water sports 2.4 (1.5, 3.8) 2.1 (1.3, 3.4) 2.0 (1.2, 3.4) 1.1 (0.7, 1.8) 1.5 (0.9, 2.6) 1.3 (0.8, 2.3) 1.1 (0.6, 2.0) 0.6 (0.4, 1.1)
Gym/ muscle strengthening 1.7 (0.9, 3.1) 1.4 (0.8, 2.7) 2.1 (1.1, 4.0) 0.5 (0.3, 1.0) 1.9 (0.9, 4.2) 1.7 (0.8, 3.7) 1.9 (0.9, 4.2) 0.5 (0.2, 1.2)
Running/jogging 3.2 (2.0, 5.1) 2.9 (1.8, 4.7) 2.6 (1.6, 4.3) 1.1 (0.7, 1.8) 4.2 (2.0, 8.8) 3.9 (1.8, 8.1) 3.2 (1.5, 6.8) 1.4 (0.6, 2.9)
Cricket 2.3 (1.3, 3.9) 2.1 (1.2, 3.7) 1.6 (0.9, 3.0) 1.2 (0.7, 2.1) 3.8 (1.6, 9.0) 3.7 (1.6, 8.8) 3.0 (1.2, 7.2) 2.0 (0.8, 4.8)
Walking/hiking 2.7 (1.5, 4.8) 2.3 (1.2, 4.1) 2.1 (1.1, 3.9) 1.4 (0.8, 2.6) 2.6 (1.2, 5.5) 2.2 (1.0, 4.7) 2.0 (0.9, 4.4) 1.3 (0.6, 2.8)
Other 2.5 (1.7, 3.7) 2.5 (1.7, 3.7) 2.1 (1.4, 3.1) 1.1 (0.7, 1.7) 2.8 (1.6, 4.7) 2.7 (1.6, 4.6) 2.3 (1.3, 4.0) 1.1 (0.7, 2.0)
Number of sports/exercises
 0 (n = 2091) 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
 1 (n = 940) 3.5 (3.0, 4.1) 3.3 (2.8, 3.9) 2.0 (1.6, 2.5) 2.7 (2.3, 3.2) 2.6 (2.2, 3.1) 1.1 (0.9, 1.4)
 2 (n = 276) 5.7 (4.4, 7.5) 5.3 (4.1, 7.0) 2.8 (1.9. 3.9) 4.5 (3.2, 6.4) 4.2 (3.0, 6.1) 1.4 (0.9, 2.1)
 3+ (n = 77) 15.8 (8.5, 29.5) 14.6 (7.8, 27.3) 7.0 (3.6, 13.7) 13.0 (4.7, 35.9) 12.2 (4.4, 33.5) 3.6 (1.2, 10.1)
  1. N.B. Rugby, football and aerobics were not included in these models as participation at baseline was too low to generate reliable estimates
  2. Bold indicates statistical significance p < 0.05
  3. Model 1 = baseline age. Model 2 = model1 + social class, BMI, smoking status at baseline and season. Model 3 = Model 2 + participation in all sport and exercises at baseline. Model 4 = Model 2 + total physical activity score at baseline
  4. aTotal physical activity score at baseline was missing for 37 men resulting in a final sample of 3347
  5. bTotal physical activity score at baseline was missing for 37 men resulting in a final sample of 3281