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Table 7 Summary of outcomes to derive recommendations for motor assessments for individuals with dementia

From: Recommended motor assessments based on psychometric properties in individuals with dementia: a systematic review

Motor assessment Inter-rater reliability Test-retest reliability Frequency of use Time*group interaction effect size
relative absolute relative absolute
Balance
 FICSIT-4 ? ? 0 ?
 Modified Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction of Balance ? ? 0 ?
 Limits of Stability ? ? ?
 Physiomat-Trail-Making Task ? ? 0 ? ?
 Physiomat-Follow-The-Ball Task ? ? 0 ? ?
 FR 0 ? 0 0 0 +
 Hill Step Test ? ? 0 0 0 ?
 Step Quick Turn Test ? ? ?
 Figure of Eight Test ? ? 0 ?
 GMWT 0 0 + 0 ?
 BBS + 0 + 0 + +
 Modified BBS ? ? ? ? ?
 POMA ? ? ? ? + +
Mobility and gait
 TUG + + + + + +
 Cognitive TUG ? ? 0 0 ?
 Manual TUG ? ? + 0 ?
 6 m WT 0 0 0 0 ?
 4 m WT 0 0 0 0
 Instrumented gait analysis ? ? 0 0 + +
Strength
 5x STS ? ? 0 0 + +
 STS on NeuroCom Balance Master ? ? ?
 ACSID + ? ? ? +
 30s CST 0 0 0 + +
 Handgrip dynamometer ? ? + 0
 Maximum isometric strength assessed with dynamometers ? ? 0 ? 0 ?
Endurance
 6 min WT 0 ? + 0 0 ?
Functional performance
 SPPB ? ? ? ? 0 0
 E-ADL Test ? ? 0 ? 0 ?
  1. 4 m WT 4-m walk test, 5x STS Five Times Sit-to-Stand Test, 6 m WT 6-m walk test, 6 min WT 6-min walk test, 30s CST 30-s chair stand test, ACSID Assessment of Compensatory Sit-to-Stand Maneuvers in People With Dementia, BBS Berg Balance Scale, E-ADL Test Erlangen Test of Activities of Daily Living, FICSIT-4 Frailty and Injuries: Cooperative Studies of Intervention Techniques - subtest 4, FR Functional Reach Test, GMWT Groningen Meander Walking Test, POMA Performance Oriented Mobility Assessment, SPPB Short Physical Performance Battery, STS Sit-to-Stand, TUG Timed Up & Go Test.
  2. Relative reliability: - = insufficient, 0 = sufficient, very low/low quality of evidence, + = sufficient, moderate/high quality of evidence,? = not investigated.
  3. Absolute reliability: - = insufficient/unacceptable, 0 = indeterminate/inconsistent/sufficient, very low/low quality of evidence, + = sufficient, moderate/high quality of evidence,? = not investigated.
  4. Frequency of use: - = 1 randomised controlled trial, 0 = 2–5 randomised controlled trials, += > 5 randomised controlled trials.
  5. Time*group interaction effect size: - = no effect, 0 = at least one trial with small or medium effect, + = at least one trial with large effect,? = could not be calculated/not reported.