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Table 1 Descriptive statistics and internal consistency of the measured variables

From: Psycho-social correlates of leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) among older adults: a multivariate analysis

Variable(s) Items α Mean SD
Predictor variablesa
 Ageing perception happy as when younger .803 3.76 1.69
better than thought   3.99 1.57
satisfied with ageing   4.41 1.44
 Self-control amount of control over health .771 7.04 2.45
control over social life   7.78 2.37
control over financial situation   7.54 2.53
 Motivational forcec prepared to take risks during leisure and sport 3.39 2.76
 Perceived social relationship people I can talk to .861 2.55 .61
people I can turn to   2.56 .60
people understand me   2.41 .62
people I feel close to   2.61 .57
feel part of group of friends   2.30 .72
 Spiritual/religious engagement believe in god .937 5.28 1.50
events unfold by a divine plan   4.80 1.62
try hard to carry out beliefs   4.87 1.60
find strength in religion   5.04 1.57
 Optimism optimistic about own future .812 4.44 1.37
expect the best in uncertain times   4.33 1.29
expect more good things to happen   4.78 1.28
 Perceived neighbourhood safetyc feel safe to walk alone after dark 5.28 1.78
Dependent variablesb,c
 Often play sport/exercise 3.57 2.27
 Often walk for 20 mins 4.18 2.19
  1. a Ageing perception measure used a 7-point Likert-type scale, 1 (strongly disagree) to 7 (strongly agree); Self-control was rated on a 10-point Likert-type scale, 0 (no control at all) to 10 (very much control); Motivational force for leisure was rated on a 10-point Likert-type scale, 0 (unwilling to take any risks) to 10 (fully prepared to take risks); Measure of social tie used a 3-point Likert-type scale, 1 (hardly ever or never) to 3 (often); Spiritual/religious engagement and optimism used a 6-point Likert-type scale,1 (strongly disagree) to 6 (strongly agree); Perceived neighbourhood safety was rated on a 10-point Likert-type scale, 1 (least satisfied) to 10 (most satisfied)
  2. b Dependent variables used a 7-point Likert-type scale, 1 (never) to 7 (once a week)
  3. c Due to a single questionnaire item used, no internal consistency was examined
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