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Table 1 Profile of the selected articles

From: The effect of e-health interventions promoting physical activity in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

No1st AuthorYearSample sizeAge
Mean (SD)
PopulationInterventionControlOutcomesTime
1Pinto [46]2005N = 100I:68.5
C:68.5
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: tele-counselling
F2f PA advicePA time
EE
PA unit
T1:3m
T2:6m
2King [47]2007N = 218C1:60.2 (4.5)
C2: 60.5 (6.0)
I:61.6 (5.9)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: automated advice
C1: F2f PA advice
C2: F2f HE
EE
PA time
T1:6m
T2:12m
3Kolt [48]2007N = 186I:74.1(6.2)
C:74.3(5.9)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: tele-counselling
Usual carePA time
Walk time
T1:3m
T2:6m
T3:12m
4King [49]2008N = 37I: 60.7 (6.8)
C: 59.6 (7.6)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: digital PA recording
Written HEPA time
EE
T1:8w
5Martinson [45]2008N = 104957.1(0.2)Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: tele-counselling, PA auto-tracking feedback
Usual careEET1:6m
6Laubach [50]2009N = 30I: 63.9 (4.1)
C:64.9 (4.1)
HealthyPA: walking
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback
Usual careStep countT1:8w
7Martinson [51]2010N = 104957.1(0.2)Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: tele-counselling, PA auto-tracking feedback
Written HEEET1:6m
T2:12m
T3:24m
8Kahlbaugh [34]2011N = 3582 (9.8)HealthyPA: non-specific
EH: Video game
C1: TV watching
C2: usual care
PA unitT1:10w
9Van Stralen [52]2011N = 197164 (8.6)HealthyPA: non-specific
EH: digital-tailored advice
C1: digital-tailored advice (reduced form)
C2: usual care
PA timeT1:12m
10Peels [35]2013N = 1248I: 61.6 (7.8)
C1: 63.2 (8.3)
C2: 63.7 (8.9)
C3: 62.6 (7.2)
C4: 64.1 (9.0)
HealthyPA: non-specific
EH: digital-tailored advice
C1: written advice
C2: electronic advice
C3: written advice
C4: Usual care
PA timeT1:3m
T2:6m
T3:12m
11Bickmore [53]2013N = 26371.3 (5.4)Healthy
PI
PA: walking, stretching
EH: digital-tailored advice, video demonstration
PA trackingStep countT1:12m
12Irvine [54]2013N = 36860.3(4.9)Healthy
PI
PA: endurance, stretching, strengthening, & balance
EH: digital-tailored advice
Usual carePA time
PA frequency
T1:12w
T2:24w
13King [55]2013N = 4068.3 (8.2)Healthy
PI
PA: walking, stretching
EH: digital-tailored advice, video demonstration
F2f HEStep count
Walk time
T1:4m
14Wijsman [36]2013N = 226I: 64.7 (3.0)
C: 64.9 (2.8)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
Usual carePA timeT1:3m
15Kim [56]2013N = 36I: 70.6 (7.5)
C: 69.3 (7.3)
HealthyPA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching
Usual careStep count
PA unit
T1:6w
16Mendelson [57]2014N = 107I:62.0 (9.0)
C:63.0 (9.0)
OSAPA: non-specific
EH: tele-counselling
Usual careStep count
EE
T1:4m
17Tabak-a [58]2014N = 24I:64.1(9.0)
C:62.8(7.4)
COPD
PI
PA: mobilization, resistance, endurance
EH: digital PA coaching, tele-counselling, video demonstration
Usual carePA unit
PA count
T1:1m
T2:3m
18Tabak-b [59]2014N = 32I:65.2(9.0)
C:67.9(5.7)
COPD
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: digital-tailored advice
Usual careStep countT1:1w
T2:2w
T3:3w
19Thompson [42]2014N = 49I: 79.1(8.0)
C: 79.8(6.0)
Healthy
PI
PA: endurance, strength, balance, flexibility
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback
Usual carePA unitT1:6m
20Vroege [60]2014N = 235I:64.7(3.0)
C:64.9(2.8)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
Usual carePA timeT1:3m
21Frederix [41]2015N = 140I:61.0 (9.0)
C:61.0 (8.0)
Cardiac diseasesPA: Endurance
EH: Digital PA coaching
F2f PA adviceStep count
PA time
T1:6w
T2:24w
22Maddison [61]2015N = 171I:61.4(8.9)
C:59.0(9.5)
Cardiac diseasesPA: walking, household chores and active transport
EH: video vignette, automated advice, online resource
Usual carePA time
Walk time
T1:24w
23Martin [62]2015N = 48I:55 (8)
C1:58 (8)
C2:60(7)
Obese, diabetes, cardiac diseasePA: non-specific
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
C1: Unblinded PA tracking + texting
C2: Unblinded PA tracking
Step count
PA time
T1:1w
24Mouton (76)2015N = 14965.0 (6.0)HealthyPA: endurance, strength, balance, flexibility
EH: digital tailored advice
C1: centre-based
C2: web-based
C3: usual care
PA timeT1:12m
25Van der Weegen [63]2015N = 199I:57.5(7.0)
C1:56.9(8.3)
C2:59.2(7.5)
Diabetes, COPDPA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching, PA auto-tracking feedback
C1: f2f support
C2: usual care
PA timeT1:4-6m
T2:9m
26Broekhuizen [64]2016N = 235I: 64.7 (3.0)
C: 64.9 (2.8)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
Usual carePA timeT1:3m
27King [37]2016N = 95I:57.9(7.7)
C1:62.8(9.8)
C2:59.5(9.5)
C3:59.5(10.0)
Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
C1: social app
C2: affect app
C3: usual care
PA time
Walk time
Sed time
T1:8w
28Muller [65]2016N = 4363.3 (4.5)Healthy
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching
Written HEPA time
Sed time
T1:12w
T2:24w
29Parker [33]2016N = 28I: 58.2(6.6)
C:61.6(5.5)
HealthyPA: aerobic PA
EH: digital PA coaching
Texting PA reminderPA timeT1:4w
30Thakkar [39]2016N = 71057.6 (9.2)Cardiac diseasePA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching
Cardiac rehabilitationPA time
Sed time
T1:6m
31Thomsen [43]2016N = 20I:64.5(8.5)
C:54.0(14.0)
RA
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching
Usual careSed timeT1:16w
32Demeyer [66]2017N = 343I: 66 (8)
C:67 (8)
COPDPA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching, PA auto-tracking feedback
Written HEPA time
Step count
Walk time
T1:12w
33Krebs [44]2017N = 8659.8 (11.4)Cancer
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: digital PA coaching
F2f advice & brief counsellingPA unitT1:3m
34Lyons [67]2017N = 4061.5 (5.6)Overweight
PI
PA: non-specific
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
Usual careStep count
Walk time
Sed time
T1:12w
35Nahm [68]2017N = 86662.8 (8.5)HealthyPA: non-specific
EH: Online HE
Usual carePA time
EE
T1:8w
36Alley [38]2018N = 50450.8 (13.1)Healthy
PI
PA: walking
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA recording, online social support
C1: pedometer feedback, online recording
C2: logbook recording
PA time
Step count
T1:3m
T2:12m
T3:18m
37Ellis [69]2019N = 44I:64.8 (8.5)
C1:63.3 (10.6)
C2:64.1 (9.5)
Parkinson’s diseasePA: individualized exercise, walking
EH: digital PA coaching, PA auto-tracking feedback
F2f counselling, Pedometer feedbackPA time
Step count
T1:12m
38Rowley [70]2019N = 170I:67.4 (6.4)
C1:66.1 (4.9)
C2: 68.3 (7.1)
Healthy
PI
PA: walking
EH: PA auto-tracking feedback, digital PA coaching
C1: pedometer feedback, logbook recording
C2: usual care
Step countT1:12w
  1. I  intervention group, C Control group, PI Physically inactive, PA Physical activity, PA freq Physical activity frequency, VSC day Valid step count day, EE Energy expenditure, w = week, m = month, walk time = walking time, PD Parkinson’s Disease, CHD Chronic Heart Diseases, OSA Obstructive Sleep Apnea, CR Cardiovascular Risk, TV Television, COPD Chronic Obstructive Disease, Sed time = Sedentary time
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