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Table 3 Risk of bias in individual studies using the PEDro scale

From: The effect of e-health interventions promoting physical activity in older people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

NoAuthorsYearEligibilityRandom allocationConcealedBaseline similarityBlinding (P)Blinding (T)Blinding (A)DropoutITTGroup comparisonPoint measures and variability dataPEDro total scoreQuality rating
1Pinto et al.2005YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes6/10Good
2King et al.2007YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYes7/10Good
3Kolt et al.2007YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesNoYesYes6/10Good
4King et al.2008YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYes5/10Fair
5Martinson et al.2008YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYes6/10Good
6Laubach et al.2009YesYesNoNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYes5/10Fair
7Martinson et al.2010YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes6/10Good
8Kahlbaugh et al.2011YesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNoNo2/10Poor
9Van Stralen et al.2011YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes5/10Fair
10Peels et al.2013YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesYes4/10Fair
11Bickmore et al.2013YesYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYesYesYes6/10Good
12Irvine et al.2013YesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYesYes4/10Fair
13King et al.2013YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYes7/10Good
14Wijsman et al.2013YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes7/10Good
15Kim & Glanz2013YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes5/10Fair
16Mendelson et al.2014YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes5/10Fair
17Tabak et al.2014NoYesYesNoNoNoNoNoYesYesYes5/10Fair
18Tabak et al.2014YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYes5/10Fair
19Thompson et al.2014YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYes5/10Fair
20Vroege et al.2014YesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYes8/10Good
21Frederix et al.2015YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYes7/10Good
22Maddison et al.2015YesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYes8/10Good
23Martin et al.2015YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes6/10Good
24Mouton et al.2015YesYesNoYesNoNoYesNoNoYesYes5/10Fair
25Van de Weegen et al.2015YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes5/10Good
26Broekhuizen et al.2016YesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesYesYesYes8/10Good
27King et al.2016YesYesNoYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYes5/10Fair
28Muller et al.2016YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes7/10Good
29Parker et al.2016YesYesNoNoNoNoNoNoNoYesYes3/10Poor
30Thakkar et al.2016YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesNoYesYes6/10Good
31Thomsen et al.2016YesYesNoYesNoNoYesYesNoYesYes6/10Good
32Demeyer et al.2017NoYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes7/10Good
33Krebs et al.2017YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesYes4/10Fair
34Lyons et al.2017YesYesYesYesNoNoNoYesYesYesYes7/10Good
35Nahm et al.2017YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoYesYesYes5/10Fair
36Alley2018YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesYes4/10Fair
37Ellis et al.2019YesYesYesYesNoNoYesYesNoYesYes7/10Good
38Rowley et al.2019YesYesNoYesNoNoNoNoNoYesYes4/10Fair
  1. ITT Intention-to-treat
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