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Table 2 Baseline characteristics of participants

From: Effectiveness of a resistance training program on physical function, muscle strength, and body composition in community-dwelling older adults receiving home care: a cluster-randomized controlled trial

Characteristics RTG (n = 64) CG (n = 43) ICC
Age (years) median (IQR) 86.5 (80–90) 86.0 (80–90)  
Sex
 Female n (%) 42 (66) 22 (51)  
Use of walking aids n (%)* 33 (52) 31 (72)  
Height (cm) mean (SD) 160 (9) 164 (9)  
Body mass (kg) median (IQR) 66.5 (55.5–79.5)a 70.4 (62.4–80.2)b  
Body Mass Index (kg/m2) median (IQR) 25.1 (23.6–28.1)a 27.0 (23.7–30.3)b 0.00
Fat mass (%) median (IQR) 29.5 (24.4–37.4)c 30.4 (23.4–38.2)d 0.05
Fat free mass (kg) median (IQR) 42.9 (37.5–55.3)e 51.3 (43.2–61.2)f 0.02
Chair rise (s) median (IQR) 16.0 (12.7–20.7)a 19.3 (16.9–24.3)g 0.01
8 ft. up and go (s) median (IQR) 11.9 (8.5–18.6)h 16.0 (10.7–19.7)i 0.07
Stair walk (s) median (IQR) 18.8 (12.7–29.3)j 23.1 (19.0–33.6)k 0.00
Preferred gait speed (m/s) mean (SD) 0.78 (0.28)a 0.66 (0.18)l 0.07
Maximal gait speed (m/s) mean (SD) 1.1 (0.43)a 0.9 (0.28)l 0.06
Leg MVC (N) mean (SD) 185 (82)a 175 (67)g 0.00
Leg MVC relative (N/kg) mean (SD) 2.8 (1.0)h 2.3 (0.8)m 0.00
Leg RFD (N/s) mean (SD) 406 (323)a 447 (279)g 0.10
Grip strength (kg) mean (SD) 25.4 (8.1) 28.0 (7.8)g 0.00
  1. RTG Resistance training group, CG Control group, ICC Intra cluster correlation, MVC Maximal voluntary isometric contraction, RFD Rate of force development, IQR Interquartile range 25- to 75 percentile, SD Standard deviation, N Newton
  2. *Includes walker or crutches. One participant in CG with missing data
  3. an = 63 bn = 40 cn = 59 dn = 36 en = 58 fn = 31 gn = 42 hn = 62 in = 41 jn = 55 kn = 20 ln = 41 mn = 39
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