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Table 1 Basic participant characteristics (N = 58)

From: Map-based assessment of older adults’ life space: validity and reliability

Characteristic Mean ± SD or n (%) Min.; Max.
Sociodemographics
 Age, mean ± SD 74.0 ± 5.5 65; 87
 Female, n (%) 23 (39.7)  
 Living alone, n (%) 21 (36.2)  
 Living area, n (%)
  Urban 29 (50.0)  
  Suburban 22 (37.9)  
  Rural 7 (12.1)  
 Private car available, n (%) 45 (77.6)  
 Years of education, n (%) 13.8 ± 3.1 8; 22
 Financial hardship, n (%)
  No difficulties 55 (94.8)  
  Some difficulties 2 (3.4)  
  Severe difficulties 1 (1.7)  
Health-related parameters   
 Body Mass Index, mean ± SD 25.4 ± 3.5 18.8; 34.3
 Number of falls in past 12 months, n (%)
  0 41 (70.7)  
  1 12 (20.7)  
   ≥ 2 5 (8.6)  
 Use of walking aid in past week, n (%)
  No aid 57 (98.3)  
  Walking stick 1 (1.7)  
 MMSE Count (0–30), mean ± SD 27.6 ± 2.3 17; 30
  1. SD Standard deviation; MMSE Mini Mental State Examination