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Table 2 Sit-to-Stand tests performance across gender and age

From: Performance on sit-to-stand tests in relation to measures of functional fitness and sarcopenia diagnosis in community-dwelling older adults

  All (N = 856) Males (N = 225) Females (N = 631)
Age N 30CST (reps) 5TSTS (secs) N 30CST (reps) 5TSTS (secs) N 30CST (reps) 5TSTS (secs)
51–60 145 18.5a ± 0.4 8.2a ± 0.2 26 19.0 ± 5.4 8.1± 3.6 119 18.4 ± 4.7 8.2 ± 0.2
61–70 455 16.6b ± 0.2 9.8b ± 0.2 116 17.4 ± 6.1 9.7 ± 4.3 339 16.3 ± 5.0 9.7 ± 0.2
71+ 256 13.7c ± 0.3 11.9c ± 0.3 83 13.8 ± 5.1 11.2 ± 4.3 173 13.7 ± 4.3 12.2 ± 0.4
Means     240 16.2 ± 6.0 10.1 ± 4.3 647 16.0 ± 5.0 10.2 ± 4.3
  1. 30CST 30 s chair stands; 5TSTS five times sit to stand
  2. Note: Two-way ANOVA showed no significant interaction between age groups and gender for 30CST (F (2,846) =0.61, P=0.543) and 5TSTS (F (2,846) =1.07, P = 0.345). The gender main effect was non-significant for 30CST (F (1,846) =1.92, P =0.166) and 5TSTS (F (1,846) = 1.16, P = 0.282). The age group main effect was significant for 30CST (F (2,846) = 41.16, P< 0.01) and 5TSTS (F (1,846) = 27.33, P < 0.01). Results of post hoc pairwise comparisons on age group means using Tukey HSD P< 0.05 are indicated by superscripted means in the respective columns corresponding to 30CST and 5TSTS. Means not differing significantly would have the same superscript—hence all age group means were significantly different
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