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Table 3 Psychosocial outcomes

From: Peer-led exercise program for ageing adults to improve physical functions - a randomized trial

  Control (n = 29) Intervention (n = 30)
Pre Post Pre Post
The Depression Anxiety Stress Scales
 Stress (0–14 ‘normal’) 5.7 ± 6.2 8.2 ± 7.7 6.0 ± 5.6 4.1 ± 3.9*Γ
 Anxiety (0–7 ‘normal’) 2.6 ± 4.7 5.0 ± 7.5 3.5 ± 3.8 3.2 ± 3.3
 Depression (0–9 ‘normal’) 3.2 ± 3.8 5.5 ± 9.1 4.8 ± 6.3 3.2 ± 5.6
Short Form Health Survey (0–100; 100 being best)
 Physical Functioning 80.9 ± 20.1 80.4 ± 18.8 78.0 ± 21.2 81.2 ± 20.2
 Limitations due to Physical Health 81.7 ± 28.8 79.0 ± 32.8 78.3 ± 33.9 90.8 ± 24.1*
 Pain 79.1 ± 17.6 71.0 ± 23.0* 73.5 ± 22.3 71.9 ± 20.8
 General Health 72.4 ± 11.8 69.8 ± 16.4 71.2 ± 19.1 75.5 ± 15.6*Γ
 Energy/Fatigue 67.4 ± 18.0 65.4 ± 17.6 63.5 ± 19.1 68.7 ± 16.3*Γ
 Social Functioning 88.9 ± 16.3 86.4 ± 19.1 90.2 ± 14.9 92.1 ± 13.7
 Limitations Emotional Problems 78.8 ± 33.8 84.0 ± 32.1 84.6 ± 28.3 88.9 ± 25.3*Γ
 Emotional Well-Being 82.5 ± 12.4 78.7 ± 13.2 80.4 ± 13.5 84.7 ± 10.2
  1. Data are presented as average ± SD
  2. *significant pre-post changes within groups (p < 0.05)
  3. Γ significant difference in pre-post change between intervention and control groups (p < 0.05)
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