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Table 11 Outcomes measures, risk bias of the studies included in the meta-analysis and sensitivity analysis

From: Effects of low back pain on balance performance in elderly people: a systematic review and meta-analysis

outcomes References Design P value Egger’s test (P value)
One-leg stance Champagne(2012) [30]
Silva(2016) [32]
Kato(2019) [33]
case-control P = 0.24 0.365
COP area Lee(2016) [25]
Kendall(2018) [27]
Lihavainen(2010) [29]
Silva(2016) [32]
case-control P < 0.01 0.273
COP AP velocity Lee(2016) [25]
Kendall(2018) [27]
Lihavainen(2010) [29]
Silva(2016) [32]
case-control P = 0.01 0.929
COP ML velocity Lee(2016) [25]
Kendall(2018) [27]
Lihavainen(2010) [29]
Silva(2016) [32]
case-control P = 0.02 0.161
COP AP range Brumagne(2004) [23]
Lee(2016) [25]
case-control P < 0.01 0.184
Gait Sung(2017) [28]
Hicks(2018) [31]
Champagne(2012) [30]
case-control P = 0.05 0.037
TUG Yi-Liang(2015) [21]
Iversen(2009) [26]
Champagne(2012) [30]
case-control P < 0.01 0.317
RPW Ito(2018) [22]
Ito(2017) [24]
case-control P = 0.69 0.682
  1. COP centre of pressure, RPW relative proprioceptive weighting, AP anteroposterior, ML mediolateral, TUG timed up and go test