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Table 6 Multivariate Analysis of Covariance (MANCOVA) - effects on knee extension and handgrip strength

From: Should knee extension strength testing be implemented as a screening test for identifying probable and confirmed sarcopenia in older T2DM patients?

Variable Wilks’ λ f DF/DF Error Partial
η2
Weight 0.915 3.562* 2,77 0.085
Age 0.945 2.221 2,77 0.055
T2DM Years 0.887 4.925* 2,77 0.113
HbA1c 0.988 0.462 2,77 0.012
Vitamin D 0.987 0.512 2,77 0.013
# of drugs 0.998 0.077 2,77 0.002
Physical Act 0.987 0.492 2,77 0.013
  1. *p < 0.05
  2. Note: Wilks’ λ represents the ratio between the error variance (or covariance) and the effect variance (or covariance), F is the statistics, DF – degree of freedom, Partial η2 - effect size, represents the proportion of the variance in the dependent variable that can be explained by the variance in the groups of a categorical independent variable