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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants by age and sex, N=624

From: Factors associated with physical activity reduction in Swedish older adults during the first COVID-19 outbreak: a longitudinal population-based study

  <70 years
n= 347
>80 years
n= 277
P-valuea Women
n=413
Men
n=211
P-valuea
n (%) n (%)   n (%) n (%)  
Age, median (min-max) 66.1 (65.9-68.4) 84.0 (80.9-99.2) <0.001b 66.7 (65.9-99.2) 66.5 (65.9-96.1) 0.325b
Sex
 Women 225 (64.8) 188 (67.9) 0.427 - -  
Education
 High school or less 112 (32.3) 146 (52.7) <0.001 188 (45.5) 70 (33.2) 0.003
Social network
 Poor social support (< median) 155 (44.7) 157 (56.7) 0.003 194 (47.0) 118 (55.9) 0.034
 Poor social connection (< median) 158 (45.5) 154 (55.6) 0.012 216 (52.3) 96 (45.5) 0.108
Somatic diseases
 Any cardiovascular disease 42 (12.1) 118 (42.6) <0.001 88 (21.3) 72 (34.1) <0.001
 Any musculoskeletal disease 146 (42.1) 206 (74.4) <0.001 237 (57.4) 115 (54.5) 0.492
Mental diseases
 Any neuropsychiatric disease 58 (16.7) 55 (19.9) 0.311 83 (20.1) 30 (14.2) 0.071
 MMSEc cut-off < 28 22 (6.3) 74 (26.7) <0.001 59 (14.3) 37 (17.5) 0.287
 MADRSd cut-off > 6 23 (6.6) 29 (10.5) 0.085 40 (9.7) 12 (5.7) 0.087
Physical functioning
 Impaired mobility (< 0.8 m/seconds) 7 (2.0) 70 (25.3) <0.001 62 (15.0) 15 (7.1) 0.005
 Impaired balance (< 5 seconds) 27 (7.8) 159 (57.4) <0.001 122 (29.5) 64 (30.3) 0.838
 Impaired strength (≥ 17 seconds) 15 (4.3) 91 (32.9) <0.001 72 (17.4) 34 (16.1) 0.678
Lifestyle factors
 Current smoker 35 (10.1) 9 (3.2) <0.001 25 (6.1) 19 (9.0) 0.173
 No/occasional or heavy alcohol consumption 115 (33.1) 132 (47.7) <0.001 204 (49.4) 43 (20.4) <0.001
 Under- or overweight (BMIe < 20 or ≥ 25 kg/m2) 189 (54.5) 163 (58.8) 0.273 224 (54.2) 128 (60.7) 0.126
Personality
 High/moderate neuroticism 200 (57.6) 159 (57.4) 0.953 254 (61.5) 105 (49.8) 0.005
 Low extraversion 84 (24.2) 65 (23.5) 0.829 93 (22.5) 56 (26.5) 0.265
 Low openness to experience 132 (38.0) 72 (26.0) 0.001 119 (28.8) 85 (40.3) 0.004
Physical activity (PA)f
 Insufficient PA 27 (7.8) 55 (20.4) <0.001 52 (12.7) 30 (14.4) 0.562
  1. Data are presented as the number of cases (n), the proportion (%), or the median with minimum to maximum range.a Comparisons of characteristics between those aged <70 years and >80 years and women and men using Chi-Square tests and b Mann Whitney U tests. Abbreviations: c Mini-Mental State Examination, d The Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, e Body Mass Index. f Missing data for 8 persons.