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Table 2 Adjusted odds ratios (OR)a with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) for the association between pre-pandemic factors at baseline and reduction in physical activity (PA) during the COVID-19 pandemic by age and intensity of PA, N=624

From: Factors associated with physical activity reduction in Swedish older adults during the first COVID-19 outbreak: a longitudinal population-based study

  Reduction in light PA Reduction in intense PA
<70 years
n=347
>80 years
n=277
<70 years
n=347
>80 years
n=277
Reducers/non-reducersb OR (95% CI) P-value Reducers/non-reducersb OR (95% CI) P-value Reducers/non-reducersb OR (95% CI) P-value Reducers/non-reducersb OR (95% CI) P-value
Social network
 Poor social support 37/118 1.1 (0.7-1.9) 0.625 56/101 0.9 (0.5-1.5) 0.663 58/97 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 0.743 41/116 1.9 (1.0-3.6) 0.036
 Poor social connection 37/121 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 0.916 64/90 1.5 (0.9-2.6) 0.107 50/108 0.7 (0.4-1.0) 0.078 33/121 0.9 (0.5-1.7) 0.861
Somatic diseases
 Any cardiovascular disease 14/28 2.0 (1.0-4.1) 0.061 46/72 1.3 (0.8-2.2) 0.331 13/29 0.8 (0.4-1.6) 0.501 23/95 0.8 (0.5-1.6) 0.585
 Any musculoskeletal disease 34/112 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 0.876 78/128 1.1 (0.6-2.0) 0.654 66/80 2.0 (1.3-3.1) 0.003 44/162 0.9 (0.5-1.8) 0.798
Mental diseases
 Any neuropsychiatric disease 14/44 1.0 (0.5-2.0) 0.893 20/35 0.9 (0.5-1.8) 0.860 21/37 1.0 (0.6-1.8) 0.987 15/40 1.3 (0.7-2.7) 0.412
 MMSEd <28 3/19 0.5 (0.2-1.9) 0.332 24/50 0.8 (0.4-1.4) 0.365 5/17 0.5 (0.2-1.4) 0.186 13/61 0.7 (0.3-1.4) 0.314
 MADRSe >6 10/13 2.8 (1.1-6.7) 0.023 10/19 0.8 (0.4-1.9) 0.686 9/14 1.1 (0.4-2.6) 0.864 6/23 1.0 (0.4-2.6) 0.990
Physical functioning
 Impaired mobility 2/5 1.2 (0.2-6.7) 0.799 26/44 0.9 (0.5-1.7) 0.758 1/6 0.2 (0.03-2.1) 0.198 11/59 0.7 (0.3-1.5) 0.337
 Impaired balance 8/19 1.4 (0.6-3.5) 0.422 66/93 1.7 (1.0-2.8) 0.051 10/17 1.0 (0.4-2.2) 0.937 25/134 0.5 (0.3-0.9) 0.016
 Impaired strength 4/11 1.3 (0.4-4.2) 0.671 35/56 1.1 (0.6-1.9) 0.773 5/10 0.8 (0.3-2.6) 0.765 15/76 0.7 (0.4-1.4) 0.319
Lifestyle factors
 Current smoker 8/27 1.0 (0.4-2.3) 0.999 0/9 -c   6/29 0.3 (0.1-0.8) 0.011 2/7 0.9 (0.2-4.8) 0.948
 No/occasional or heavy alcohol consumption 34/81 1.6 (0.9-2.7) 0.094 46/86 0.7 (0.4-1.2) 0.219 38/77 0.8 (0.5-1.2) 0.257 25/107 0.7 (0.4-1.3) 0.310
 Under- or overweight 49/140 1.5 (0.9-2.6) 0.112 64/99 1.3 (0.8-2.2) 0.273 76/113 1.4 (0.9-2.3) 0.108 31/132 0.6 (0.3-1.1) 0.097
Personality
 High/moderate neuroticism 47/153 1.0 (0.6-1.7) 0.860 63/96 1.2 (0.7-2.1) 0.411 81/119 1.6 (1.0-2.5) 0.052 40/119 1.8 (0.9-3.3) 0.076
 Low extraversion 24/60 1.5 (0.9-2.7) 0.141 23/42 0.9 (0.5-1.7) 0.819 27/57 0.8 (0.5-1.3) 0.346 16/49 1.2 (0.6-2.3) 0.631
 Low openness to experience 31/101 1.0 (0.6-1.8) 0.879 26/46 1.0 (0.6-1.9) 0.892 50/82 1.1 (0.7-1.7) 0.808 15/57 0.9 (0.4-1.8) 0.743
  1. a Controlled for age, sex and education in all analyses, b Number of reducers/non-reducers for each risk factor, c 0 persons in this category: reduced light PA and current smoker. Abbreviations: d Mini-Mental State Examination, e The Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale.